EFFEKTIVNOST', PERENOSIMOST'I KOMPLAENTNOST' ALENDRONATA NATRIYa(70 MG 1 RAZ V NEDELYu)PRI LEChENII POSTMENOPAUZAL'NOGO OSTEOPOROZA

Abstract


The aim of this study was to assess effectiveness ant tolerability of alendronate in women suffered of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
15 postmenopausal women with primary osteoporosis (age 61.0±4.8 (M±σ) years) was administered alendronate in dosage 70 mg weekly with calcium supplementation (1000 mg daily) for 12 months. Control group consisted of 19 women also suffered from postmenopausal osteoporosis (age 61.7±5.2 years) received only calcium salts for study period.
There was a significant increase vs baseline in BMD in lumbar spine (in 2.1% in 6 months and in 2.7% in 12 months), in femoral neck from (in 2.1% and 3.3% accordingly), in trochanter (in 5.5% and 6.3% accordingly) and in total proximal femur (in 2.9% and 1.9% accordingly) in treated patients. We also found in treated group a marked decrease in serum ionized calcium from 1.24±0.03 to 1.21±0.03 mmol/l in 6 months and to 1.2±0.04 mmol/l in 12 months (р<0.05 vs baseline), in alkaline phosphatase from 98.7±44.8 to 63.5±15.6 u/l in 6 months (р<0.05 vs baseline) and to 60.7±13.8 u/l in 12 months (р<0.05 vs baseline and p<0.0001 vs control), in osteocalcin from 28.0±8.7 to 23.4±10.4 ng/ml in 6 months and to 20.3±8.2 ng/ml (p<0.05 vs control), and in urinary calcium/creatinine excretion and daily calcium excretion. Back pain and quality of life significantly improved in treated group, and regimen of alendronate dosing was highly convenient in all patients' opinion. Tolerability of alendronate was satisfactory but 3 patients stopped the treatment due to gastrointestinal side effects.
Those results demonstrate that alendronate in dosage 70 mg weekly increases BMD, decreases serum and urinary calcium and bone turnover markers, improved back pain and quality of life and is at satisfactory tolerability in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

About the authors

A V DREVAL'

L A MARChENKOVA

I V KRYuKOVA

R S TIShENINA

L M PORTNOY

N M MYLOV

M P RUBIN

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Copyright (c) 2006 DREVAL' A.V., MARChENKOVA L.A., KRYuKOVA I.V., TIShENINA R.S., PORTNOY L.M., MYLOV N.M., RUBIN M.P.

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